The island is just five kilometres off the coast of Western Australia, and is ten kilometres long and 1.5 kilometres wide. It is connected to the mainland by an artificial bridge or causeway. Visitors can explore the island’s biodiversity, including a population of tammar wallabies.
Garden Island was a military base
The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) Heritage Centre is a maritime museum located on the Garden Island naval base. The museum is located in two heritage listed buildings, the Gun Mounting Workshop and Boatshed. The museum is open from 9:30am to 3:30pm daily. The museum is closed on Australia Day, Good Friday, and certain holidays.
The naval base is Australia’s largest, capable of supporting half of the country’s fleet. It is located on the south eastern section of Garden Island, overlooking Cockburn Sound. Although the military still has a presence on the island, most of it has been returned to its original state.
The naval base at Garden Island has a long history. It has been home to naval units since 1856. The government of New South Wales initially suggested giving the island to the Royal Navy, which was based on Australia Station. However, it wasn’t until 1911 that the Royal Australian Navy recognized Garden Island as a strategic location for military purposes. Gun batteries were placed on the island to protect shipping in Cockburn Sound. During World War II, special training units, including the Z Force Unit, were stationed there.
It is home to a tammar wallaby population
The tammar wallaby is a small nocturnal marsupial. It is one of the most endangered animals in Australia. Its habitat is largely restricted to offshore islands and only small areas of mainland Western Australia. One such island is Garden Island, located 35 km southwest of Perth. It is occupied by the Australian Department of Defence and is home to the largest naval base in Australia.
The tammar wallaby population on Garden Island is thought to be stable over time. Researchers have observed that their median birthdate has remained almost unchanged between 1830 and 1977. The median birth date has only shifted by five days from 1830 to 1977.
It is a place of rich biodiversity
The island of Garden Island in northern Michigan is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts, and is home to a rich variety of plant and animal species. It is connected to the mainland by an artificial causeway. The island is made up of limestone outcrops, covered in a thin layer of sand. The Noongar people believe that the island was first visited in the Dreamtime, and they have lived in relative isolation on it for at least seven thousand years.
It is a place of endangered and rare herbs and wetland plants
Hawaii is home to many species of rare and endangered plants, but Garden Island is especially rich in them. The endemic Hinahina Ewa is a very rare plant that is only found on Hawaii. It grows only in wetlands and coral plains, and is confined to certain parts of Hawaii such as the Ka’ena pt. and the mid-elevation Makaha Valley. The plant is threatened because of the loss of habitat.