Create a wildlife-friendly garden to support the balance of insects, birds, animals and other critters in your environment. With some careful planning you’ll soon have your lawn full of beneficial bugs, butterflies, frogs and birds!
The initial step is to avoid pesticides. These chemicals can harm beneficial insects and disrupt the natural ecosystem in your garden.
Plant a Variety of Flowers
Create a wildlife-friendly garden in your yard for an affordable and easy way to attract various types of wildlife. From bees and butterflies to birds and mammals, a wildlife-friendly garden offers numerous advantages for your community while providing an attractive space to enjoy with family and friends.
Your garden’s flowers are essential to its success as a wildlife habitat, and there are plenty of options to choose from. To attract pollinators, select plants that produce nectar at various times throughout the year.
Additionally, plant a variety of flowers with various shapes and sizes. Bumblebees tend to prefer saucer-shaped blooms as they’re easier for them to enter with their short tongues; on the other hand, honeybees prefer round petals on roses and tulips.
Wildflowers are an important food source for butterflies and moths, providing them with a nutritious resource to feed their young. To encourage butterfly and moth species to visit your garden more often, plant various wildflowers at various times and locations so they can easily locate their favorite plants.
Another way to attract wildlife into your garden is by planting native shrubs and trees. Native shrubs provide food for various insects such as caterpillars and birds, while providing shade, shelter from the wind for insects and small mammals.
If you’re uncertain which shrubs and trees will thrive in your area, try turning over some soil in your backyard or finding a local soil mapper to help determine the ideal options. Also take into account how much sun each planting will receive before making your selections.
Birds require a variety of foods to survive, so don’t overlook seed-feeding flowers such as goldenrod and black-eyed Susans in late season. These nutritious late-season sources of protein are perfect for many bird species while providing shelter in the fall for nesting birds; their seeds also provide energy during the winter months.
Maintaining a brush pile for wildlife in your yard, particularly if you have woodland or wetland areas without much greenery, is beneficial. These piles offer shelter to birds, bats and other insects at night while providing them with nutritious food sources during the day.
Create a Water Feature
Water is essential for a successful wildlife garden. It provides food, shelter and protection to many different kinds of animals.
Create a water feature in your backyard to attract various wild animals and keep them coming back. It could be as simple as placing a dish filled with water or something more elaborate like a pond.
To add water to your garden, fill a shallow dish that is buried into the ground. This provides birds and other wildlife with essential drinking water for survival.
For an even more beautiful water feature, add a small waterfall or rill to your garden. These will produce a relaxing sound that can help you unwind and focus while also attracting wildlife.
If you’re looking to add a more elaborate water feature, consider creating a pond or other type of wetland. These are ideal for attracting frogs and other amphibians as well as providing food sources for birds.
When designing a pond, opt for one with plenty of sloping sides and margins. Formal ponds with vertical sides can be hazardous to birds and other wildlife.
Another option is creating a bog garden, which will serve as an attractive habitat for various wildlife species and provide food for birds. A typical bog garden consists of soil, peat moss and rocks in combination.
It’s also beneficial to add some naturalistic rocks in your pond or bog garden. This will recreate the environment in which these animals would have grown up and create a more organic appearance.
In addition to providing a water source, a pond or bog garden can also serve as a refuge for wildlife during the winter months. In climates where it freezes over, this can be essential for many birds and other creatures that rely on it for sustenance.
When creating a water feature in your backyard, remember to keep the water clean and clear. Doing so helps prevent diseases and invasive plants from spreading and ensures that any wildlife attracted by you stays healthy and content.
Build a Nest
A wildlife-friendly garden can attract an array of different birds, mammals and other creatures. Some might even make your garden their permanent home and part of their daily routine.
Plants are an integral component of a wildlife garden, offering food and shelter to many different creatures. By selecting native plants and planting them in various habitats, you can create an eye-catching landscape that nurtures different creatures.
Trees are an integral element of a wildlife garden, offering shade, cover and food sources for various animal types. Both evergreen and deciduous trees provide year-round benefits like cover, nesting sites and food sources.
When designing a wildlife-friendly garden, it’s best to steer clear of pesticides as these can be toxic to insects and other creatures that depend on them for survival. Instead, focus on growing plants that naturally deter pests or attract predators.
Create nests in your garden for various creatures such as bees and hedgehogs. These can easily be made from log piles, stone piles or a bug hotel.
To ensure the health of your nesting areas, ensure they have access to sunlight and water. Placement near a pond, natural water feature or tree can help provide this essential nutrition.
Bees often go unnoticed, yet they play a critical role in pollinating flowers and plants. Solitary bees, meaning that they do not live in hives or colonies, will seek out hollow stems or holes to nest in.
A bee hotel is an easy and cost-effective way to provide them with a secure habitat where they can live and lay their eggs in comfort. All that needs to be done is stack logs or stones in an appropriate area then fill with tube-shaped tubes made of wood or bamboo for these beneficial pollinators.
Hedges and shrubs make ideal nesting places for birds, hedgehogs and small mammals. Not only do they provide a mix of habitats for various species, but also food sources and pollen – making them essential elements in any wildlife-friendly garden.
If you want to attract birds, critters and other wildlife to your garden, it is essential that they have access to food. This could come in the form of a bird feeder, natural food source or water feature.
Planting a variety of flowers and shrubs in your garden will attract various wildlife species. Bees and butterflies love nectar from flowers and shrubs, while insects, birds and other creatures use them for shelter.
Alternatively, you can create habitats for wildlife by adding features like hedges and trees. Trees provide benefits to birds and other animals like roosting, nesting and shelter; select different tree species like hawthorn, field maple and holly to make your garden more appealing to a wider range of creatures.
Other features that will support wildlife include lawns and borders filled with plants. These provide food for birds, bees and other insects as well as shelter for small mammals such as hedgehogs.
Another effective way to attract wildlife is by growing companion plants that serve as a deterrent for predators like rabbits and deer. Herbs such as rosemary, thyme, fennel and rosemary are especially effective deterrents while heavily scented herbs like lavender are especially efficient at keeping rabbits away from specific crops.
Add a pond or shallow terracotta dish to your garden for wildlife, such as frogs and other amphibians. Ponds are especially beneficial during the winter months when ground water may be low.
It’s also essential to remember that birds and other creatures require plenty of water in order to thrive. If your garden doesn’t already provide this source, consider installing a bird bath or creating an artificial one.